- 1 Introduction
- 2 Consequences of a DUI Overview
- 3 Do you lose your license immediately after a DUI?
- 4 What are the legal limits?
- 5 The difference between a DUI and OWI and other acronyms
- 6 What happens if a minor gets a DUI: zero tolerance.
- 7 Out of state DUI
- 8 Can you get into Canada with a DUI?
- 9 Verdict
You have had a great evening out with friends and family enjoying a terrific meal and libations. Time to head home. If it’s in your car, you risk being another one of the almost 1.1 million people annually convicted of driving under the influence of something that impaired their ability to be a safe driver. Let’s begin by taking a look at the potential consequences of a DUI.
Consequences of a DUI Overview
The average cost of auto insurance in 2014 was $907 per year. Having a DUI increases the price of your insurance by 86.5% on average. Thus, along with other consequences of a DUI, you’ll end up paying an extra $784.55 for the first year afterward. This increase will gradually decline in subsequent years. Overall, these DUI related premium increases typically last 3-5 years. For comparison, assume an average taxi cost is around $15. One could take a ride over 50 times for the same cost to avoid a DUI. Furthermore, if convicted and your license is suspended for 6 months, the same cost of those rides (if needed on a daily basis) could run upwards of $2700.
Aside from the increase in insurance rates, there will be other consequences of a DUI which vary state by state.
Some of the most likely consequences of a DUI
- The driver has their license revoked or temporarily suspended for 90 days or more. This can occur either via court order and/or automatically by the state DMV.
- If the arrest involves the driver’s refusal to take a breathalyzer or blood test, their license will automatically be suspended regardless of the outcome of the case.
- Most states will require at least a few days minimum jail time, but 6-12 months is also a possibility, even with a first offense.
- If the driver has prior convictions, their license may be suspended for a year or more, and longer jail time is more likely.
- Reinstatement of a license can cost additional fees, which may be significant. See our Driving Without Insurance article for state-specific reinstatement fees.
- The driver could lose their job permanently depending on their employment contract. Many contracts allow for dismissal if convicted of a crime, and as discussed below, a DWI may be considered one.
- The driver will need to file an SR-22, typically for the following three years. This labels you as a ‘high risk’ driver, and your current insurer may drop you as a result. If you need to find a new insurer or one that treats DUIs more leniently, Honest Policy can help.
- Travel to other countries, Canada in particular, may be restricted (see below for more details).
Do you lose your license immediately after a DUI?
In almost all DUI and DWI cases, the offender will lose his or her driving privileges, at least temporarily. Whether it happens immediately depends on the state. Worthy of note: refusal to take a blood, breathalyzer, or field sobriety test is grounds for immediate license suspension in many of them. License suspension can happen either via a court order (judicial suspension), the DMV (administrative suspension), or both. After the suspension period is complete, the driver will often then be required to go a certain period of time with an ignition interlock installed in their car (a breathalyzer built into the car’s ignition system).
What are the legal limits?
The legal limit for blood alcohol content in every state is 0.08%, except Utah where it is 0.05%. As mentioned, the penalties vary by state. The Global Health Security Agenda (GHSA) has a handy PDF that summarizes some of these differing penalties in each state. While a driver is probably safe with one drink in the past hour, their blood alcohol can rise quickly with subsequent beverages.
Pro tip: a top-of-the-line breathalyzer costs about $130, though decent ones are available for as little as $25–$40. If you’re remotely at risk of driving inebriated, it’s easily a worthwhile investment to let you know whether it’s legal to drive.
The difference between a DUI and OWI and other acronyms
Similar to consequences of a DUI varying by state, the name for the crime itself can differ depending on where one lives. Furthermore, some states will use one acronym to distinguish between driving under the influence of alcohol versus other drugs. States may also treat two acronyms as differing severities of the same crime. For instance, a state may treat DUI and DWI as two tiers of severity for the crime of driving drunk.
The Aggravated DWI is another example and is a step more severe than a regular DWI. This typically happens when a driver’s blood alcohol content (BAC) is significantly higher than the allowed limit, or if minors are present in the vehicle. In New York, for example, the legal limit is 0.08%. The ADWI limit is 0.18%, which isn’t hard to reach after a few drinks. As such, the consequences are correspondingly more severe. The driver is often charged with a felony instead of a misdemeanor, and there is a greater possibility of lengthy jail time. As mentioned above, the PDF provided by the GHSA has more state-specific details about these higher limits.
- OVI or OWI ↔ Operating Vehicle While Intoxicated
- OMVI ↔ Operating a Motor Vehicle while Impaired
- DUII / DUII-CS ↔ Driving Under the Influence of Intoxicants / Controlled Substances
- DUI ↔ Driving Under the Influence
- OUI ↔ Operating Under the Influence
- DWAI ↔ Driving While Ability is Impaired
- DWI ↔ Driving While Intoxicated
Of these, the DWAI is generally the least severe. For example, New York treats it as a violation, while Colorado considers it a misdemeanor. In terms of ranking severity, violations and infractions are not considered crimes. Misdemeanors and felonies are crimes because they pose the possibility of probation or jail time. Of those, felonies are the most seriously severe.
What happens if a minor gets a DUI: zero tolerance.
A term often associated with DUIs, the zero tolerance law means that offenders will be charged an automatically determined penalty. The penalty applies regardless of extenuating circumstances or individual culpability. It mostly applies to drivers under the age of 21, who are permitted little leeway. Many states allow a small margin of error with a .01% or .02% limit, but some don’t allow any.
Out of state DUI
What happens if a driver receives a DUI in a state that is not their own? In most cases, the home state honors the other state’s charge as though committed in their state. The only exceptions are if the crime occurs within Georgia, Massachusetts, Michigan, Tennessee or Wisconsin, which are not members of the interstate Driver License Compact. However, that doesn’t mean the driver is off the hook in those states; quite the opposite. Instead of addressing the charge in their own state’s judicial system, they’ll likely have to do so in the state it occurred. In Tennessee, the consequences of a DUI involve jail time for between 2 days and 12 months, along with a $350-$1000 fine, required safety class, and possible community service. If they live across the country, this could be quite a headache.
Can you get into Canada with a DUI?
Perhaps surprisingly, it’s quite likely someone who has a DUI on their record within the past 10 years will be unable to enter Canada, regardless of whether they plan to drive while there. Because of the Canadian Immigration and Refugee Act, it doesn’t matter whether the crime in the US was charged with a misdemeanor–it’s what the crime is considered under Canadian law that matters. In this case, DUIs are hybrid offenses that can be treated as either a misdemeanor or a felony, depending on the circumstances. As such, because it has the possibility of being a felony, it is grounds for preventing someone from entering the country. Interestingly, this doesn’t apply only to DUIs. An individual convicted of any crime that is considered an “indictable offense” (felony) in Canada will very likely be turned away at the border.
There are two to three possible ways to still get around this. The first is by applying for a Temporary Resident Permit (TRP). This allows someone to enter and stay in Canada for a certain amount of time (up to three years), assuming they have a valid reason to visit. This can take some time to get approval, so best to plan well in advance. The other method is a “Criminal Rehabilitation” application. This application requires that all fines and penalties paid and served at least five years ago. Unlike the TRP, this has no expiration once approved. However, if a driver has more than one prior DUI conviction, both of these options are likely off the table, even 20+ years later.
As we’ve seen, aside from the 18-300% increase in insurance prices, a DUI carries many other significant penalties that provide a strong incentive to avoid getting behind the wheel after a few drinks. Clearly, many people do so anyway, but the reasons why are unclear. Taxis, and services such as Lyft and Uber provide an alternative. Their cost is far less than the potential price of the DUI, even if used semi-frequently. In addition, the low cost of personal breathalyzers makes determining whether it’s safe to drive a very cost-effective option compared to the potential consequences of a DUI.